All About Oud Instrument

A musical instrument with a big stomach, a brief and curved handle, a beam and a plectrum. Its curved back is made of 19 or 21 boards in the shape of a circle. The body is hollow. In the midst of the front section called the chest, there are small cavities on the sides called “roses”.

Oud instrument (written as “ud” in Turkish) is the ancestor of the European lute, name of which derives from “al-ud”. It is not a local Turkish instrument but it has been played in Anatolia for at least five centuries. Besides, in the history, the oud has been played by a number of civilizations in Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Iran, Arabia. Accordingly, there are several types of ouds besides Turkish oud. The oud instrument occupies an important place in Turkish Art Music, Turkish city music (in fasil orchestras) and in arabesk music. Oud has been known from the paperwork and oral tradition as the king, sultan or emir of musical instruments.

History of Oud

In some sources, it is said that Farabi invented the oud, however lengthy before Farabi, there are oud and related instruments in miniatures and reliefs. The main reason why Farabi is perceived as an inventor is that he is a musician who has mastered the oud and the tuning system he dropped at the oud. Farabi, who was a type of who gave probably the most complete information about the oud in his period, added the fifth string to the oud, which was a four-string instrument until that time. About the oud, Ibn Sina (980/1037) from Farabi says in his book Kitabu’ş Şifa that it is one of the most famous instruments. Tells technical information similar to chords and pitches with figures. While musical devices were mentioned in the Ikhwan-i Safa tracts in the 10th century, it was acknowledged that essentially the most stunning of these was the oud.

The frets on the handle of the oud, preserved within the Farabi period, have been abandoned towards the top of the 10th century. The oud was previously played with a wooden plectrum. The famous Andalusian musician Ziryab (11th century) replaced it with a plectrum made of eagle feather. At the moment, plectrums made of versatile plastic are usually used.

The oud instrument made its way to Europe by way of Spain. In the 13th century, the crusaders introduced it back to Europe, and in time, it became the lute. That’s why lute takes its name after the oud (‘le ut’ in old French), however it’s been added different features from oud, like frets.

The oud, additionally which became the focus within the Ottoman palace within the 15th century, gained an irreplaceable value that the general public began to use in classical Turkish music within the nineteenth century.

Oud instrument has a big soundbox connected to a brief neck. The instrument has a pear-shaped body which is a deep, striped bowl made from lightweight wood. The wood needs to be light because the bowl is supposed to reverberate when it is struck. The soundboard, the entrance part of the body, incorporates one or two, typically three sound holes. These sound holes could also be oval or they are often ornamented relying on the lands they are played on. There is a piece of fish-skin or leather between the bridge and the sound gap in an effort to protect the belly from the strokes of the plectrum. The bowl of the oud is shaped by thin woods or ribs bent over a mold. The number of the ribs varies from 16 to 21. The tuning pegs of the oud are screwed to the pegbox.

The quality of the fabric used in the making of the oudis important. The more the fabric is various, the higher it sounds. A high-quality oud’s face is made from spruce. The tuning pegs and fingerboard are constructed from ebony. Maple, walnut, palisander and mahogany are used for the bowl.

The oud does not have any customary size or number of strings. Yet generally, all of the types of ouds have eleven intestine strings that are organized in five double-programs with a sixth, single bass string. Oud is performed with a plectrum. Its fretless neck allows the instrument to generate any intervals or microtones particular to the Center Japanese music. Oud instrument is suitable so that you can enjoy Turkish, Iran or Arab music by enjoying makams/maqamat.

Oudis performed according to 2 schools of performance. The first is “Ottoman” school and it accepts as precept the ornamentation of the sound, produced by delicate glissandos or the fingers and slight vibratos. The second approach is Egyptian approach, according to which the amount is amplified by firm strokes of the plectrum, which makes strings resonate. This style requires one other kind of virtuosity.

There are essentially six types of oud when they are considered according to their origin. These types of oud mostly differ in their timbre and there are small size differences between them.

Arabic oud is probably the most known oud instrument type and possibly the most popular because of its romantic, rich and deep sound. It’s heavier and slightly bigger evaluating to Turkish ouds. Turkish ouds are employed in Turkey and Greece. They have a more treble sound. Syrian oud, which is a sub-type of Arabic oud generates plenty of overtones. Iraqi ouds may be labeled under Arabic ouds. Its strings are tied to the underside of the instrument. Because of this function, it is said that it has a floating bridge. Iranian oud, which is also called Barbat is more distinct and as a consequence of its form, it has a bass, deep, Persian sound.

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