All About Oud Instrument

A musical instrument with a large belly, a brief and curved handle, a beam and a plectrum. Its curved back is made of 19 or 21 boards in the form of a circle. The body is hollow. In the course of the entrance section called the chest, there are small cavities on the sides called “roses”.

Oud instrument (written as “ud” in Turkish) is the ancestor of the European lute, name of which derives from “al-ud”. It’s not a native Turkish instrument but it has been played in Anatolia for not less than 5 centuries. Besides, in the history, the oud has been played by a number of civilizations in Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Iran, Arabia. Accordingly, there are several types of ouds besides Turkish oud. The oud instrument occupies an important place in Turkish Artwork Music, Turkish urban music (in fasil orchestras) and in arabesk music. Oud has been known from the documents and oral tradition as the king, sultan or emir of musical instruments.

History of Oud

In some sources, it is said that Farabi invented the oud, however lengthy earlier than Farabi, there are oud and similar devices in miniatures and reliefs. The main reason why Farabi is perceived as an inventor is that he is a musician who has mastered the oud and the tuning system he brought to the oud. Farabi, who was a type of who gave essentially the most comprehensive information concerning the oud in his interval, added the fifth string to the oud, which was a 4-string instrument until that time. About the oud, Ibn Sina (980/1037) from Farabi says in his book Kitabu’ş Şifa that it is without doubt one of the most well-known instruments. Tells technical information similar to chords and pitches with figures. While musical devices have been mentioned in the Ikhwan-i Safa tracts within the tenth century, it was stated that essentially the most lovely of these was the oud.

The frets on the handle of the oud, preserved in the Farabi period, have been abandoned towards the tip of the 10th century. The oud was beforehand played with a wooden plectrum. The well-known Andalusian musician Ziryab (11th century) replaced it with a plectrum made of eagle feather. At present, plectrums made of versatile plastic are generally used.

The oud instrument made its way to Europe through Spain. In the 13th century, the crusaders brought it back to Europe, and in time, it grew to become the lute. That’s why lute takes its name after the oud (‘le ut’ in old French), however it’s been added completely different features from oud, like frets.

The oud, additionally which grew to become the focus within the Ottoman palace within the 15th century, gained an irreplaceable worth that the public started to use in classical Turkish music in the 19th century.

Oud instrument has a big soundbox linked to a short neck. The instrument has a pear-shaped body which is a deep, striped bowl made from lightweight wood. The wood needs to be light because the bowl is meant to reverberate when it is struck. The soundboard, the entrance part of the body, comprises one or , typically three sound holes. These sound holes may be oval or they are often ornamented depending on the lands they’re played on. There is a piece of fish-skin or leather between the bridge and the sound hole with the intention to protect the stomach from the strokes of the plectrum. The bowl of the oud is shaped by thin woods or ribs bent over a mold. The number of the ribs varies from sixteen to 21. The tuning pegs of the oud are screwed to the pegbox.

The quality of the material used within the making of the oudis important. The more the material is numerous, the better it sounds. A high-quality oud’s face is made from spruce. The tuning pegs and fingerboard are constructed from ebony. Maple, walnut, palisander and mahogany are used for the bowl.

The oud does not have any standard size or number of strings. But on the whole, all the types of ouds have eleven gut strings which are organized in 5 double-courses with a sixth, single bass string. Oud is played with a plectrum. Its fretless neck permits the instrument to generate any intervals or microtones particular to the Center Jap music. Oud instrument is suitable so that you can enjoy Turkish, Iran or Arab music by taking part in makams/maqamat.

Oudis performed according to 2 schools of performance. The primary is “Ottoman” school and it accepts as principle the ornamentation of the sound, produced by delicate glissandos or the fingers and slight vibratos. The second approach is Egyptian approach, according to which the amount is amplified by firm strokes of the plectrum, which makes strings resonate. This model requires one other kind of virtuosity.

There are essentially six types of oud when they’re considered according to their origin. These types of oud largely differ in their timbre and there are small dimension differences between them.

Arabic oud is essentially the most known oud instrument type and perhaps the preferred because of its romantic, rich and deep sound. It is heavier and slightly bigger evaluating to Turkish ouds. Turkish ouds are employed in Turkey and Greece. They have a more treble sound. Syrian oud, which is a sub-type of Arabic oud generates lots of overtones. Iraqi ouds may additionally be labeled under Arabic ouds. Its strings are tied to the bottom of the instrument. Because of this feature, it is said that it has a floating bridge. Iranian oud, which can be called Barbat is more distinct and due to its shape, it has a bass, deep, Persian sound.

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