All About Oud Instrument

A musical instrument with a large stomach, a short and curved handle, a beam and a plectrum. Its curved back is made of 19 or 21 boards in the form of a circle. The body is hollow. In the course of the entrance section called the chest, there are small cavities on the sides called “roses”.

Oud instrument (written as “ud” in Turkish) is the ancestor of the European lute, name of which derives from “al-ud”. It’s not a local Turkish instrument but it has been performed in Anatolia for no less than 5 centuries. Besides, within the history, the oud has been performed by several civilizations in Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Iran, Arabia. Accordingly, there are a number of types of ouds besides Turkish oud. The oud instrument occupies an amazing place in Turkish Artwork Music, Turkish urban music (in fasil orchestras) and in arabesk music. Oud has been known from the documents and oral tradition as the king, sultan or emir of musical instruments.

History of Oud

In some sources, it is said that Farabi invented the oud, but lengthy earlier than Farabi, there are oud and similar devices in miniatures and reliefs. The main reason why Farabi is perceived as an inventor is that he’s a musician who has mastered the oud and the tuning system he brought to the oud. Farabi, who was one of those who gave essentially the most complete information about the oud in his period, added the 5th string to the oud, which was a 4-string instrument until that time. Concerning the oud, Ibn Sina (980/1037) from Farabi says in his book Kitabu’ş Şifa that it is without doubt one of the most well-known instruments. Tells technical information comparable to chords and pitches with figures. While musical devices have been talked about in the Ikhwan-i Safa tracts in the 10th century, it was acknowledged that essentially the most stunning of those was the oud.

The frets on the handle of the oud, preserved within the Farabi interval, have been abandoned towards the end of the tenth century. The oud was previously performed with a wooden plectrum. The well-known Andalusian musician Ziryab (eleventh century) changed it with a plectrum made of eagle feather. At this time, plectrums made of versatile plastic are typically used.

The oud instrument made its way to Europe via Spain. In the thirteenth century, the crusaders introduced it back to Europe, and in time, it grew to become the lute. That’s why lute takes its name after the oud (‘le ut’ in old French), but it’s been added totally different options from oud, like frets.

The oud, also which became the center of attention in the Ottoman palace in the 15th century, gained an irreplaceable value that the public started to make use of in classical Turkish music within the 19th century.

Oud instrument has a large soundbox connected to a short neck. The instrument has a pear-formed body which is a deep, striped bowl made from lightweight wood. The wood should be light because the bowl is meant to reverberate when it is struck. The soundboard, the entrance part of the body, incorporates one or , typically three sound holes. These sound holes could also be oval or they can be ornamented relying on the lands they’re played on. There is a piece of fish-skin or leather between the bridge and the sound gap with the intention to protect the stomach from the strokes of the plectrum. The bowl of the oud is shaped by thin woods or ribs bent over a mold. The number of the ribs varies from sixteen to 21. The tuning pegs of the oud are screwed to the pegbox.

The quality of the material used within the making of the oudis important. The more the fabric is numerous, the better it sounds. A high-quality oud’s face is made from spruce. The tuning pegs and fingerboard are constructed from ebony. Maple, walnut, palisander and mahogany are used for the bowl.

The oud doesn’t have any commonplace measurement or number of strings. Yet normally, all the types of ouds have eleven gut strings which might be organized in five double-programs with a sixth, single bass string. Oud is played with a plectrum. Its fretless neck permits the instrument to generate any intervals or microtones particular to the Middle Japanese music. Oud instrument is suitable so that you can enjoy Turkish, Iran or Arab music by playing makams/maqamat.

Oudis played according to 2 schools of performance. The first is “Ottoman” school and it accepts as precept the ornamentation of the sound, produced by delicate glissandos or the fingers and slight vibratos. The second approach is Egyptian approach, according to which the amount is amplified by firm strokes of the plectrum, which makes strings resonate. This fashion requires one other kind of virtuosity.

There are essentially six types of oud when they are considered according to their origin. These types of oud mostly differ of their timbre and there are small dimension differences between them.

Arabic oud is the most known oud instrument type and possibly the most well-liked because of its romantic, rich and deep sound. It’s heavier and slightly bigger evaluating to Turkish ouds. Turkish ouds are employed in Turkey and Greece. They have a more treble sound. Syrian oud, which is a sub-type of Arabic oud generates plenty of overtones. Iraqi ouds may also be labeled under Arabic ouds. Its strings are tied to the underside of the instrument. Because of this feature, it is said that it has a floating bridge. Iranian oud, which is also called Barbat is more distinct and due to its form, it has a bass, deep, Persian sound.

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